Why does Bangladesh have to adapt to climate change?
Climate change also has an impact on the environment, the economy and society in Bangladesh. Measures to adapt to these impacts are already necessary today and will become increasingly important in the future
The climate of Bangladesh will continue to change in the future. The extent of these changes depends largely on future global greenhouse gas emissions. The higher the emissions, the stronger the expected climatic changes will be. In an average emission scenario, temperatures will rise in all parts of the country and in all seasons in the coming decades. Especially in the second half of the 21st century, a significant decrease in summer precipitation can be expected. Climate change has an impact on the environment, the economy and society. Bangladesh must adapt to the effects of climate change in the coming decades, but adaptation to climate change is already necessary today and will become increasingly important in the future. With the Adaptation Strategy in Bangladesh (2012) and the National Adaptation Plan (2021), the GoB is setting the framework for a coordinated approach to adaptation to climate change at national level. Adaptation, however, is a joint task of the different sectors, from national to local sectors
The most important challenges for adaptation arising directly from the effects of climate change in Bangladesh are the following:.
- Increasing flood risks
- Increasing summer dryness
- Increase cyclone induced storm surges.
- Salinity and saltware intrusion
- resources requirement and financing
- losses of agriculture and food production>
- awareness-raising, information and coordination