Agriculture advancement amidst several climatic and non-climatic challenges is undoubtedly praiseworthy in adaptation actions. Varieties of indigenous, locally-led, and climate-smart adaptation practices are adopted in different degrees by the farmers for tackling diversified and uncertain climatic behavior.
Agriculture research institutes have invented different stress (flood, drought, short duration, salinity, lodging tolerance, etc.) tolerant rice and non-rice crop varieties, which need further awareness building and popularization to extend the technologies across the country. Yield gaps between research and fields are reported in the majority of the places, which are making these varieties non-attractive to farmers. Therefore, emphasis is raised for integrated and holistic research coordinated with BARI, BINA, SRDI, etc., to develop more strengthened HYV stress-tolerant cultivars reducing yield gaps. Supporting extension services, market and supply chain, expansion of e-commerce, and integrated pest and diseases management are recommended. A comprehensive investigation also suggests developing new stress-tolerant rice and non-rice crop varieties considering emerging climate extremes like heat or cold.
NAP recommends developing these adaptation practices further. NAP also encourages introducing four crop-based cropping patterns developed by BARI to increase cropping intensity from 192% to 400%. Increasing water use efficiency through CSA techniques such as AWD, buried pipe, mulching, smart metering, etc., is highly encouraged. Hands-on Ranisalut, Dud Kumar, Sadamota, lalmota, laxmibilash, Rajasail, Shitta, Brindamoni, Shitabhog, Kachra, Bashful, Benapol, etc.; Zero tillage cultivation and rainwater harvesting in coastal saline areas; mini pond for supplementary irrigation during drought spells, drip irrigation with mulch in the raised bed, use crop harvester for early harvesting in haor areas; Kuni method for small scale irrigation; Mulching with the raised bed; pyramid method for the tideaffected lands and vegetable in Gher; floating cultivation and Sarjan technology could be widely extended in the coastal water stagnant areas; nuts and coffee in Chattogram hill tracts, diagonal Jhum cultivation, etc. NAP recommends developing these adaptation practices further. NAP also encourages introducing four crop-based cropping patterns developed by BARI to increase cropping intensity from 192% to 400%. Increasing water use efficiency through CSA techniques such as AWD, buried pipe, mulching, smart metering, etc., is highly encouraged. Hands-on demonstration on stress-tolerant cultivars farming, mechanization, use of the advisory message of agro-met services is mandatorily recommended to support boosting agriculture production for ensuring food and nutrition security.
- Category: Agriculture
- Status: Complete
- Potential Impact & Risk
- Adaptation Intervention
- Adaptation Measures
- Propose Programmes
- Highlighted approach
|Climate Signal and Hazards||Potential Impacts||Risk Level|
|Frequent River Flood||
|Early or Frequent Flash Floods||
|Severe Drought/Water Scarcity||
|Frequent Cyclone and Storm Surge||
|Sea Level Rise||
|Code||Interventions||Implementability in Climate Stress Area|
|CSA1||Extension of climate smart technologies for increasing irrigation water use efficiency||SWM | SEE | CHT | FPE | HFF | DBA CBL | NNW | CHI | URB|
|CSA2||Augmentation of surface water for multipurpose use and irrigation||SWM | SEE | CHT | FPE | HFF | DBA CBL | NNW | CHI | URB|
|CSA3||Extension of stress, pest and diseases tolerant rice and non-rice cropst||SWM | SEE | CHT | FPE | HFF | DBA CBL | NNW | CHI|
|CSA4||Introduction and up-scaling of innovative and indigenous agriculture||SWM | SEE | CHT | FPE | HFF | DBA CBL | NNW | CHI | URB|
|CSA5||Crop diversification/intensification for natural resources optimization and reducing stresses of existing and potential climate stress based on climate sensitive crop zoning||SWM | SEE | CHT | FPE | HFF | DBA CBL | NNW | CHI | URB|
|CSA6||Farm modernization/ mechanization to reduce climate vulnerability||SWM | SEE | CHT | FPE | HFF | DBA CBL | NNW | CHI|
|CSA7||Increase fertilizer use efficiency for enhancing the production (fertilizer deep placement, organic amendment, green manuring, leaf color charts, soil test-based fertilizer application)||SWM | SEE | CHT | FPE | HFF | DBA CBL | NNW | CHI|
|CSA8||Extension of Good Agriculture Practices (GAP), Modern Agriculture Technology (MATH) and Sloping Agricultural Land Technology (SALT)||SWM | SEE | CHT | FPE | HFF | DBA CBL | NNW | CHI|
|WDM1: Management and timely maintenance of inside and outside of coastal polders, sea dykes, embankments and cyclone shelters in an integrated and gender sensitive way considering the sea level rise and extreme storm surge height|
|Sl No||Adaptation Programs||Program Duration (2023-2050)||Cost (Billion BDT)|
|5||Program-5: Introduce EbA for improvement of agriculture & livelihood through management of wetlands and flash floods in the haor region||Medium to Long Term||747|
|6||Program-6: Expand agricultural development in the drought prone Barind area through application of best water management practices & water pricing policy||Medium to Long Term||584|
In Ohirkunji village, Barlekha Upazila, Moulvibazar, Kunjolota Biswas, age 38, has become a successful farmer using the unique (sack gardens) method. She has practiced such a unique method for 1.5 years, backed by the “ uc ana ro ram” by R T is met od can produce sufficient vegetables for herself, selling the rest for nominal profit. People living in the haor regions are compelled to receive a potential strategy such as sack farming to promote their living standards as the intensity of excessive rainfall causing flood has increased over the years, and climate-induced disaster has already impacted the livelihoods of the local community. It is worth noting that chemical fertilizers are not used in large quantities in sack cultivation; thus, the cultivated vegetables are much healthier. Furthermore, this cultivation practice has no adverse effects on the environment. As a result, it is a safe food production method that can withstand floods. Although the technique is not widely used for commercial cultivation, it is a better option for subsistence farming.